What is DISC
A Powerful Way to Understand People Using the DISC Personality Concept
Each Person has Unique Personality Traits
Each person's perspective is built into who they are.
Some people call it "personality" and some refer to it as "temperament."
Ever notice how different that your family and friends can be from you? If you are like me, you have asked yourself, "Why did they do that?" or "What were they thinking?"
The starting point of understanding people is to realize and accept one simple fact:
A Positive Approach
The DISC wellness model is a good framework for understanding people. DISC should be used in a positive way to encourage a person to be his or her best – not as a way to "label" someone.
Healthy, positive relationships come from having an accurate understanding of yourself and others. DISC is a powerful tool for obtaining a new appreciation for our personality styles and their effect on our everyday lives.
We apply the DISC model with four main ideas that allow it to be used appropriately as an effective and encouraging tool:
We use a POSITIVE approach to highlight and encourage a person in his or her STRENGTHS.
We use a POSITIVE approach to address a person's possible BLIND-SPOTS without assuming a weakness exists.
We recognize that each person has a unique blend of ALL the major personality traits to a greater or lesser extent.
We recognize that behavioral patterns are fluid and dynamic as a person adapts to his or her environment.
I have a saying that, "your strengths should carry you while your blind-spots should concern you." Being able to identify and articulate your strengths can be very empowering. Being able to identify and uncover blind-spots can also be very empowering! The next few pages can be the start of your own empowering discovery process.
So, now that you know where the DISC concept came from and the importance of having a positive, flexible approach, let's take a look at the Model of Human Behavior using the DISC!
The DISC Model of Human Behavior
The DISC Model of Human Behavior is based on 2 foundational observations about how people normally behave:
Observation #1: Some people are more OUTGOING, while others are more RESERVED.
You can think of this trait as each person's "internal motor" or "pace." Some people always seem ready to "go" and "dive in" quickly. They engage their motor quickly. Others tend to engage their motor more slowly or more cautiously.
Observation # 2: Some people are more TASK-ORIENTED, while others are more PEOPLE-ORIENTED.
You can think of this as each person's "external focus" or "priority" that guides them. Some people are focused on getting things done (tasks); others are more tuned-in to the people around them and their feelings.
With both observations, we want to emphasize that these behavioral tendencies are neither right or wrong or good or bad. They are just different. We are simply identifying normal behavior styles. People have different styles, and that is okay. We represent these 2 observations in the diagrams below.
Four Major Personality Traits
In review, we have 4 behavioral tendencies to help us characterize people:
Everyone has some of all 4 of these tendencies at different times and in different situations. However, most people typically have 1 or 2 of these tendencies that seem to fit them well in their everyday behavior. And, on the other hand, 1 or 2 of these tendencies usually do not fit them well, and these tendencies may even seem "foreign" to their approach to life. The balance of these 4 tendencies shapes the way each person "sees" life and those around them. By combining the 2 previous diagrams, we can show 4 basic quadrants of the circle as shown below:
Four Major Personality Traits / Tendencies
Thus, 4 basic personality traits emerge from our diagram corresponding to the 4 quadrants of the circle (In clockwise order):
- Outgoing and Task-oriented (upper left quadrant)
- Outgoing and People-oriented (upper right quadrant)
- Reserved and People-oriented (lower right quadrant)
- Reserved and Task-oriented (lower left quadrant)
Next, we will add descriptive terms for each of the four main personality types that emerge in the diagram. The descriptive terms will begin with D, I, S and C.
Describing Each Personality Style (4 Different Types – 4 Different Priorities)
As mentioned before, we will add the descriptive terms to the diagram. Notice the letters D, I, S and C appear in the 4 quadrants of the circle in the diagram below. You will also notice that descriptive terms have been added in each of the 4 corners of the diagram.
D-I-S-C Descriptive Terms
Now we can further describe each of the four main personality styles:
The Dominant "D" type – An outgoing, task-oriented individual will be focused on getting things done, accomplishing tasks, getting to the bottom line as quickly as possible and MAKING IT HAPPEN! (The key insight in developing a relationship with this type person is RESPECT and RESULTS.)
The Inspiring "I" type – An outgoing, people-oriented individual loves to interact, socialize and have fun. This person is focused on what others may think of him or her. (The key insight in developing a relationship with this type person is ADMIRATION and RECOGNITION.)
The Supportive "S" type – A reserved, people-oriented individual will enjoy relationships, helping or supporting other people and working together as a team. (The key insight in developing a relationship with this person is FRIENDLINESS and SINCERE APPRECIATION.)
The Cautious "C" type – A reserved, task-oriented individual will seek value, consistency and quality information. This person focuses on being correct and accurate. (The key insight in developing a relationship with this individual is TRUST and INTEGRITY.)
Summarizing the DISC Traits
To summarize the DISC Model of Human Behavior (in clockwise order):
- D stands for the DOMINANT Type which is OUTGOING and TASK-ORIENTED.
- I stands for the INSPIRING Type which is OUTGOING and PEOPLE-ORIENTED.
- S stands for the SUPPORTIVE Type which is RESERVED and PEOPLE-ORIENTED.
- C stands for the CAUTIOUS Type which is RESERVED and TASK-ORIENTED.
The Elevator Test: Which Type Are You?
The elevator doors are about to close on an eager rider who is trying to get on the elevator. Four people are already inside the elevator. One of the people in the crowded box is in a hurry and does not want to wait (outgoing and task-oriented). There is also a bubbly, energetic passenger who holds the door open while greeting the newcomer (outgoing and people-oriented). A third rider is happy either way and smiles while waiting patiently (reserved and people-oriented). The final passenger is concerned as she calculates the weight to see if the elevator can handle another person (reserved and task-oriented).
While not perfectly scientific, this scenario illustrates the Dominant (outgoing / task-oriented) person who is focused on getting somewhere fast; the Inspiring (outgoing / people-oriented) person who is energized by all the interaction; the Supportive (reserved / people-oriented) person who reacts calmly and tries to get along regardless; and the Cautious (reserved / task-oriented) person who wants to make sure the added person doesn't exceed the weight limit! As you can see, there were four different people who responded to the same event in four very different ways!